History of Sri Thyagaraja Govt College of Music & Dance
Music and dance are integral part of Indian culture.To preserve and propagate Indian music and dance which includes both Karnatic and Hindustani music, and dance forms like Kathak, Bharathnatyam, Kuchipudi, Perini, the erstwhile government of united Andhra Pradesh started colleges,schools of music and dance. One of the oldest colleges in this category is Sri Thyagaraja Government college of music and dance. The college was established in year 1952.The college located in Ramkoti, Hyderabad. It is spread over very large area with numerous classrooms. The college has completed 65 years of service successfully. This college offers both south indian and north Indian styles of music and dance. There are very few colleges in India which offer both south Indian and north Indian styles of music and dance. The college has been served by great artists as principals. Seventeen people have worked as principals so far and the founder principal was Sri G.N. Dantale. Some of the legendary artists who worked as principals are G.N. Dantale, Dr. Sri Nookala Chinna Satyanarayana, Padmasri Kumari Srirangam Gopalaratnam. Some of the famous artists who worked as lecturers in our college are Sri AkellaMallikarjunaSarma, Sri Nedunuri Krishna Murthy, Hyderbad Sisters Kumari Lalitha and Smt. Haripriya, Sri Vasa Padmanabham, Dr. Uma Ramarao. During intial years the college was under the control of Technical Education Department. Later the college came under the control Department of Cultural Affairs which currently is called as Department of Language and Culture.
Dr. Nookala Chinna Satyanarayana
Dr. Nookala Chinna Satyanarayana was a Carnatic musician, a classical vocalist, musicologist, author and teacher, a great administrator and motivator. He was a performer on All India Radio and Doordarshan who participated in Sangeeta Sammelans, outdoor broadcasts and national programmes innumerable times. His radio lessons and Bhakti Ranjanis were very popular. He was awarded Padma Bhushan award by the Government of India in 2010.
Sri Nedunuri Krishna Murthy
Krishnamurthy was born in 1927 at Kothapalli, Pithapuram Taluka, Godavari district in what was then British India to Rama Murthy Panthulu and Vijayalakshmi.
His father held a minor job at the estate of the Raja of Pithapuram.He was under influence of his mother who sang Ashtapadis, Tarangas and the Adhyatma Ramayana kritis. She had a great influence on him while growing up.
Krishnamurthy joined the Maharaja's Music College at Vizianagaram in the year 1940 and received initial training in Violin and Vocal from the Dwaram Narasinga Rao Naidu. In 1949, he was influenced by Karnatic vocalist, Sripada Pinakapani, and under his guidance developed his style of music.Krishna Gana Sabha, Madras, conferred on "Nedunuri" the title Sangeetha Choodamani in 1976.The Music Academy, Madras conferred on him the most prestigious title of Sangeeta Kalanidhi in 1991.He was named Asthana Vidwan of the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams and also of Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham.
Padmasri Kumari Srirangam Gopalaratnam
Srirangam Gopalaratnam is a Telugu singer. She is distinguished in the exposition of Kuchipudi, Yakshagana, Javali and YenkiPatalu.
She was born to Varadachari and Subhadramma at Pushpagiri in Vizianagaram district. She underwent training in music under KavirayaneriJoga Rao and Dr. SripadaPinakapani. She had taken a diploma in music in 1956. She gave Harikathas as child prodity.
She had taken active part in the BhakthiRanjani programmes of All India Radio. Had set to tune Annamacharya compositions. She has held posts as Artiste, All India Radio, Principal of Government Music College, Hyderabad, Professor and Dean of Telugu University.
She has worked as Principal of Maharajah's Government College of Music and Dance, Vizianagaram between 1979 and 1980.
Srirangam's famous Kannada film song Krishnanakolalinakare from the movie 'Subbashashtry' (1966) is still popular in all over Karnataka, even after 5 decades.
She was honoured with the Presidential title 'Padma Sri' in 1992.
Sri Vasa Padmanabham
Sri. Vasa Padmanabham garu S/o Vasa Jaganatham garu(desciple of Sri.Dwaram venkataswamy naidu) learnt music under tutelage of Sri.Dwaram Bhavanarayana rao garu at vizianagaram in vocal, veena from Sudarshanam Appalacharyulu at vizianagaram music college. He worked as Gayak Asst. in Sri Thyagaraja Government music college, Hyderabad for 6 years later he promoted as Asst. lecturer in vocal, worked as Veena Assistant lecturer in 1978, later he was promoted as lecturer in karnatic vocal. He was B.High grade artist in vocal and veena in All India radio. He gave vocal concerts and veena concerts for 40 years. He won many awards in his career. He retired on superannuation in july,1992. His son Sri. Vasa Gopinath rao working as lecturer in vocal faculty at present.
Kumari Lalitha and Smt. Haripriya are the disciples of Sangeetha Vidwaan Sri T.G. Padmanabhan, who belonged to the famous Alattur school of music, being the direct disciple of Sri AlatturVenkatesaIyer.
The Sisters hail from a highly cultured and accomplished family of Hyderabad. They are the daughters of Smt. Saroja and Sri B. Sivachandra.. Their mother Smt. Saroja, who was also a disciple of Sri T.G. Padmanabhan, was their first Guru.
Having had a rigorous intensive and conventional training in the chaste classical style for several years under Sri T.G. Padmanabhan, they have developed an excellent Manodharma, which has been attracting knowledgeable connoisseurs of classical music. Attracted by their performance in their home state of Andhra Pradesh, invitations came in large numbers from all over the country. Gifted with appealing and melodious voices, the Hyderabad Sisters have been regaling large audiences in every sabha with extraordinary appeal and appreciation
Sri AkellaMallikarjuna Sarma
Born in 1938 at Mummidivaram, East Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh, Akella Mallikarjuna Sharma had his initial training from his father late Ashwatthanarayana Murthy and later under P.P. Somayajulu. An ardent admirer and follower of violin virtuoso M.S. Gopalakrishnan, Sharma is one of the few violinists who adapted his inimitable style of playing the violin. His close association with Nedunuri Krishnamurthy opened up new vistas of traditional Carnatic music.
After a short stint as a staff artiste, All India Radio, Hyderabad, he worked for more than three decades as lecturer in violin in various government colleges of music and dance of Andhra Pradesh since 1961. He rendered remarkable service as principal for 12 years and retired in 1996. A strict disciplinarian and a committed teacher, Sharma has produced several good students. His duties as a paper setter, valuator and examiner for examinations held in various universities are commendable.
A top grade violinist of All India Radio, several of his programmes have been broadcast on AIR and Doordarshan. He has had the privilege of participating in the Akashvani Sangeet Sammelan concerts and the National Programme of Music, AIR, which won him wide acclaim. He has also been a graded vocal artiste of AIR, Hyderabad. He has performed extensively across the country in various prestigious sabhas including the Music Academy, Chennai. He has accompanied several eminent artistes of the country. He has several solo programmes to his credit. He has toured the U.K, USA and Canada accompanying Sri Nedunuri Krishnamurthy. He has also toured Singapore as an examiner.
A musicologist of great repute, his contribution to Carnatic music is laudable. An unparalleled exponent and sole authority on talaprastara, Sharma has unravelled the mysteries of prastara, one of the tala dasha pranas. His extensive research spanning over four decades brought to light several latent secrets which he discovered all by himself. He has penned a few books. His first book ‘Talaprastara Sagara’, published in 1985 by the AP Sangeet Academy received the best book (in the fine arts category) from the Telugu University, Hyderabad.
His second book ‘Permutative Genius in Tala (Prastara) in Indian Music’ was the revised version of the first book. After extensive research, he modified and re-published these two books in the names of ‘Talaprastara Ratnakara’ and ‘Indian Genius in Talaprastara’ respectively. He also published “Talaprastara of Nisshanka Sharngadeva’s Sangeeta Rathnakara - A Critical Interpretation”, under the senior fellowship awarded by the Government of India and ‘Systematization of Prastara Details of Deshi Talas’. His books ‘Sangeetha Svararaga Sudha’ in Telugu and English have uniquely dealt with the intricacies of raga alapana and svarakalpana. A perfectionist to the core, he has prescribed several laya exercises which will help students in rendering svarakalpana.
Veenasection has been served by stalwarts like sri Pappu Someswara Rao, Sri Vasa Padmanabham, Smt. Ananda Rajya Laxmi.
The Dolu section is currently employing services of Sri Ravichandra Babu.
Mridangam section has been served by stalwarts like Sri Kolanka Venkata Raju, Sri Kolanka Laxman Rao, Sri D. Venkateshwara Rao, Sri S.V. Ramana, Sri N.V. Sarma, Sri Radha Krishna. The section is currently is employing services of Sri P.V.Ramanamurthy, Sri RajagopalaCharya, Sri Bhaskar Vara Prasad.
The Nadaswaram section has employed services of Sri Purushottam till recently.
Kuchipudi Natyam section has been served by stalwarts like Smt Suvarna Latha, Smt. Prasanna Rani, Sri Chinta Adi Narayana Sarma.
Bharath Natyam section has been served by stalwarts like Dr. Uma Rama Rao, T.K. Narayana, Smt Manjula, Smt Vijaya Durga
Dr. Uma Rama Rao
K. Uma Rama Rao was an Indian Kuchipudi dancer, choreographer, research scholar, author and dance teacher. In 2003, she was awarded the SangeetNatakAkademi Award for proficiency in Kuchipudi by India's National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama.She is a recipient of the National Senior Fellowship bestowed by the Department of Culture, Government Of India through the SangeetNatakAkademi.
She was born on 4 July 1938 as "Uma Maheswari" to Dr. V. V.Krishna Rao and Sowbhagyam in a 'Vaddadi' family from Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. Encouraged by her family, that has a background of distinguished scholars with a keen interest in literature, music and dance, she started training in dance from the age of 5 years from gurus like Acharya P.V. Narasimha Rao, Padmasri Dr. Nataraja Rama Krishna, BrahmasriVedantam Lakshmi Narayana Sastri, Guru Pakkiriswami Pillai and Guru C.R .Acharya in Kuchipudi, BharataNatyam and Ritual Dance traditions. She became proficient in theoretical and practical aspects of these ancient traditional art forms.
In her early years, along with her sister Sumathy Kaushal, she performed on various occasions in several places under the personal guidance of her gurus. During this period 1953 and 55, she passed examinations in Classical Music and Dance, conducted by the then Madras Government. Later with the blessings of her guru mainly, Dr. Nataraja Rama Krishna. she had taken up teaching to pass on this tradition to younger generation.
She was a post graduate in Economics from Osmania University, Hyderabad.
Uma choreographed a number of solo items, dance features, dance dramas and traditional Yakshaganas, based on the lyrics of great composers of yester years and contemporary writers of today, with innovative spirit, which brought her laurels. Her motto is to bring out old traditional literary gems to lime light and give them a new outlook, without deviating from the original traditional structure with their aesthetic, philosophical and spiritual values. To mention a few traditional plays Sri Thyagaraja'sNaukaCharitra, Prahlada Bhakti Vijayam,KingShahaji'sSankara and Vishnu PallakiSevaprabandhams, Vighneswara Kalyanam, Narayana Theertha'sSadhvi Rukmini, Matrubhutayya'sParijatapaharanam, KakuturiPadmavati's Mandakini and Siva Katyayani dance features like Viswadeepam,PanchaNadeeyam, Swara raga Nartanam of Padma Bhushan Dr. C. Narayana reddy, Telugu Velugulu, Medha, MedhaVikas on computers, which showed her multifaceted choreographic talent and her scholarly knowledge in the subject.With this background she served Sri Tyagaraja Government college of music and Dance in Hyderabad as a senior Lecturer in Dance from 1969 to 1988 and trained students in certificate, Diploma and Degree courses in BharataNatyam.
Hindustani Vocal section has been served by stalwarts like Sri G.N. Dantale, Sri. Rajurkar, Sri. Ghotikar, Smt Vasumati Dantale, Smt. AnilaMuthalik, Sri Jangaiah, Smt. Lalitha Kurulkar, Sri Ch. Bhim Shankar Rao, Sri Subramaniyam, Sri Hanumantha Rao, Sri Gopala Raj Bhatt
Kathak Dance section has been served by stalwarts like Sri Gopal , Smt. Prameela Chauan. Currently the section is employing the services of Sri Raghav Raj Bhatt, Sri Ravinder Raju.
Sitar section has been served by stalwarts like Sri Bapuji,Sri Shyamsundar, Sri Atmaram, Smt. Usha Pillai, Smt. Sarvajit Kaur, Sri Eshwaraiah.
Tabla section has been served by stalwarts like Sri Kaushal, Sri Nand Kumar, Sri Satyanarayana, Sri Mohan Kakere, Sri Vishwanath, Sri Narahari, Sri Anantaiah. At present the section is employing services of Sri Shabbir Nissar, Sri Ravikanth.
Historical Fee Structure
When the colleges were working under the department of technical education admission fee was Rs.9, later on it became Rs 25, subsequent to that it was incremented to Rs 150 then it become Rs 300 after that it became Rs 450. At present for first year students the fees is Rs 1000, from second year onwards Rs 550.
Past Achievements of Our College
Famous Artists who visited and given performance in college premises
Sri. Birju Maharaj, Smt. GangubaiHangal, Sri Pandit Ravi Shankar, Smt Padma Subramaniyam, SmtYamini Krishna Murthy, Sri MangalampalliBalamuralikrishna, UstadAllarakha Khan, Sri Pandit Bhimsen Joshi.
During 1960’s and 1970’s foreign delegates visited our college. College celebrated its silver jubilee in August 1977 .
The most important thing about our college there many students who became legends in their own right such as Kuchipudi duo Sri Raja Srimathi Radha Reddy, Smt. AlekhyaPunjala, Saptapadi film fame Sabitha etc. Our college has been part of shooting many movies one of them being “SagaraSangamam”, directed by Sri K.Viswanath. In this movie some of our lecturers also participated.